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Skin Damage

“As early as your mid to late 20’s and into your 30’s you may start to notice the very first signs of ageing and skin damage, which are usually subtle but still bothersome. What was once a smooth complexion may now be home to small brown sun spots, crow’s feet, dark under eye circles and uneven skin texture.

Over time, the texture of our skin naturally changes. Skin texture refers to the smoothness of our skin in relation to the amount of collagen and elastin near the surface. Hydration, collagen and elastin are all important factors for smooth, soft, young looking skin.

When hormones, pollution, diet, lifestyle and environmental issues come into play, they can diminish these factors, causing skin damage and the way our skin looks and feels.

Depending on your skin damage concerns, after a thorough consultation with one of our qualified aestheticians, there are a wide variety of treatments available. Often there may be a combination of treatments that is suggested in order to achieve your desired goal. The treatments available are Photofacial IPL, Skin Needling, Skin Peels, Fractional Pixel Laser, Microdermabrasion and of course a prescribed cosmeceutical home care programme.”

Skin Texture

Several factors contribute to an even complexion, including the amount of collagen and elastin present in the skin. Skin texture is a result of smoothness of the skin’s surface, hydration of the skin, and the collagen, elastin and glycosaminoglycan content of the skin. All of these properties are affected by hormones, diet, skin care products, environmental influences, cosmetic procedures and overall health.

Causes of Blotchy, Uneven Skin Texture

There are several environmental factors that can cause the skin to appear blotchy and uneven. These include wind, dirt, chemicals, arid climates, smoking, pollution, and ultra violet radiation. All of these elements strip the skin of its natural moisture, collagen and elastin fibres, causing it to appear dry, rough and wrinkled.

Age also plays a role in the formation of wrinkles, coarse textured skin, age spots, blotchiness and rough skin texture.


In order to improve your skin texture and achieve a smooth complexion, a consultation with a qualified aesthetician is necessary to prescribe a clinical and homecare protocol.
Possible treatments to improve skin texture are Pixel Fractional Laser, Photorejuvenation Fotofacial, Skin Peels, Microdermabrasion or a combination of these treatments.

Tips for a Smooth Complexion

  1. cleanse- skin that is free of excess oil and debris looks and feels better
  2. exfoliate- exfoliation with buffing beads and gauze and toning lotion helps to remove the dry build up of dead skin cells
  3. nourish- it is important to keep skin hydrated using a cosmeceutical treatment cream
  4. protect- sun damage is among the leading contributors to roughened skin texture and uneven tone, not to mention skin cancer. Therefore it is crucial to apply a 30+ sunscreen before going outside every day and applying every 3-4 hours.
  5. regular exercise increases circulation and supplies extra oxygen to the skin
  6. drink 8 glasses of water each day
  7. a balanced diet that is rich in omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants


Although scars are a natural part of the skin’s healing process, they can cause pain, inconvenience, and self consciousness. Most small scars will become nearly invisible if given enough time to heal, but for scars that are large, thick, indented, or raised, scar treatment is available to reduce their appearance.


Scarring can result from virtually anything that damages the skin from chicken pox to sports injuries, acne and surgery. The more severely the skin is damaged, the longer it will take to heal and the more likely it is to develop a noticeable scar.


After a consultation with one of our clinical aestheticians to assess your individual needs a clinical programme and homecare protocol can be advised.

Treatments that may be advised are Collagen Induction Therapy, Microdermabrasion, Photorejuvenation Fotofacial, Pixel Fractional Laser, Peels or a combination of therapies.

Tips to Assist Scarring

  1. use retinol and or AHA’s/BHA’s daily to assist with skin regeneration
  2. toning lotion used with gauze twice daily will stimulate the healing of the scar and provide a healthy radiant complexion
  3. internal health and diet is absolutely vital to assist with collagen and elastin formation.


When it comes to revealing (or concealing) your true age, the hands speak volumes. We pay close attention to our faces in an effort to maintain a youthful appearance, but in terms of sun protection and skin care as a whole, the hands are an area a lot of people neglect. Luckily for all of us, there are a variety of treatments available, and each work to reverse many signs of aging, which can strike at any time.

When it comes to aging gracefully, the hands often need extra help as they become thin, dry, dull and uneven in colour and form. Often a combination of therapies will be required, along with the use of a retinoid, or Vitamin A, hand cream with built in sun protection for everyday use to prevent and repair damage that has been inflicted upon these useful tools- our hands.

Conditions and Treatments

Thin, Bony Hands- Fat in the hands begins to degenerate with age. Couple that with photoaging (sun damage) that diminishes collagen and thins the skin, and you have more visible bones and veins. To plump up bony hands a registered nurse or doctor can use injectable fillers such as Juvederm, Radiesse or fat transfer, which offer instant gratification. After the injections home care may consist of the hands being bandaged overnight, applying ice to the area, avoiding wearing rings for 24 hours and massaging the back of the hands with a good hand cream for 5 minutes five times a day for a few days. It is common to experience bruising that lasts for up to a week and swelling that lasts for one to two days.

Spotted Skin - The hands can fall prey to age spots just like the face, but may be more prone to so called liver spots due to additional unprotected sun exposure over the years. The accumulated sun damage – with its telltale mottled appearance- is a surefire age revealer. For pigment problems on the backs of the hands Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) treatments, which take about 5-10 minutes per session, can improve discolouration. A healing ointment will be given after the treatment to use several times a day to keep the skin moist. It is important to note that diligent use of sunscreen is necessary after any treatment for pigmentation to prevent spots from returning quickly. Usually 2 treatments spaced a month apart are all that is required for the pigmentation that is visible at the time of treatment.

Crinkly Texture - Blame crepey skin texture on collagen, elastin and volume loss that occurs over time. Fractional laser, a nonablative laser, can work double duty on the backs of hands, treating both crinkly skin and discolouration. The hands will be slightly hot for a few hours after the treatment and a nourishing post balm will be used for at least a week post treatment. Results will be seen after 1 treatment but some people will require 3-4 treatments. After about 10-14 days the skin will go through a light flaking of dried discoloured skin that has been treated.

Prominent Veins - The same loss of volume that makes bones more visible can cause bluish veins to become more prominent on the backs of the hands. Sclerotherapy, the same treatment used to eliminate leg veins, is effective on the hands also. A solution of concentrated saline is injected into the vein and this will take 10-20 minutes. A pressure dressing is applied after the procedure and cold compresses may be used. Usually 1-3 treatments are needed for permanent results and these can be spaced 1 month apart.